On 21 February 1887, Oregon became the first state to make Labor Day a state holiday. The same year, Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York also made Labor Day in 1887. In 1889, Connecticut, Nebraska, and Pennsylvania made Labor Day a state holiday. Iowa and Ohio followed in 1890. Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Washington followed in 1891.
Chicago Daily Tribune, 8 September 1891, page 1
Daily American (Nashville, TN), 8 September 1891, page 3
Alabama, Louisiana, and Virginia made Labor Day a state holiday in 1892. California, Delaware, Florida, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Texas, and Wisconsin followed in 1893.
St. Paul Globe, 5 September 1893, page 1. Minnesota Digital Newspaper Hub.
On 28 June 1894, President Grover Cleveland signed S.730 into law, making Labor Day a legal holiday. Labor unions held parades and picnics to celebrate.
Chicago Daily Tribune, 4 September 1894, page 3
Daily American (Nashville, TN), 4 September 1894, page 1
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2 September 1894, page 3
The First Labor Day
History of Labor Day. Bridgeman's Magazine, 1921.
The Real Maguire - Who Actually Invented Labor Day?